Prostate Cancer Care and Treatment
When it comes to prostate cancer, the specialists at Arizona Urology Specialists understand that every patient’s condition is unique and requires treatment that is specific to his medical needs. We approach every patient as an individual. You can trust us to guide you through this complex journey, toward the treatment and post-treatment care options that are best for you and your family., Our experienced, multi-disciplinary team offers the most effective and innovative treatments available today, and we do so while providing a high level of personalized and compassionate service and utmost concern for your health and well-being.
About Prostate Cancer
Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in American men. One out of every 10 men will develop the disease at some time in his life – most often after age 50.
In its early stages, prostate cancer causes no symptoms meaning that diagnosis is usually made during a routine prostate exam called a digital rectal exam. A prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood test may also be ordered to look for elevated levels of PSA which can indicate cancer as well as other prostate diseases. Depending on these results, an ultrasound or a biopsy may be ordered. Some cancers grow so slowly that treatment may not be needed at all. Others grow fast and are life-threatening so treatment is usually necessary. Treatment depends on the stage and aggressiveness of the cancer, your risk category, age, and overall health. Chemotherapy, radiation, surgery, and other treatments are all available depending on your specific needs.
Causes and Risk Factors
Scientists are still trying to determine what causes prostate cancer. What they do know is that there are probably many reasons the disease occurs-and that by examining common risk factors, they can better determine who is likeliest to develop it. These risk factors include:
- Age: The diagnosis of prostate cancer is rare in men younger than 40. As men age, they are increasingly more likely to develop it. 1 in 6 men will be diagnosed in their lifetimes.
- Family history: If your father, grandfather, brother, son or other closely related family member has had prostate cancer, you are at an increased risk yourself.
- Race: African-American men are 60% more likely to develop prostate cancer than Caucasian or Hispanic men. The disease is rarer among Asian-American and American Indian men.
- Diet: Some studies suggest that men with diets high in fat may be at higher risk. Other research suggests that nutritional factors, like greater intake of vitamin D, lycopene and selenium, may lower a man’s risk of developing prostate cancer.
Our patients have access to some of the country’s leading urologic cancer specialists and a range of services including screening exams, transrectal ultrasound and biopsy, MRI Ultrasound Fusion Guided Biopsy, second opinions, and treatment options, from surgery to radiation therapy.
Arizona Urology Specialists offers men a wide range of prostate cancer treatment options. Your urologist will determine which treatment is best for your individual needs.
- Cryosurgery — The controlled freezing of the prostate gland which destroys cancer cells. Performed under anesthesia, this treatment is for men who are not good candidates for surgery or radiotherapy.
- Radical Prostatectomy — Complete surgical removal of the prostate gland along with the pelvic lymph nodes. Radical prostatectomy may be performed by a robotic, retropubic, or perineal approach. Robotic-Assisted Laparoscopic Radical Prostatectomy (RALP) is the most common type of prostate cancer surgery done today.
- Hormonal Ablation Therapy — Performed either surgically or through medication, drugs are used to block or lower testosterone and other male sex hormones that fuel cancer.
- Observation — Active surveillance entails patients being monitored for cancer growth with regular PSA tests, DREs, and periodic biopsies. Progression of the disease would be an indication to change plans and treatment modality.
- Radiation Therapy — Uses ionizing radiation to destroy cancer cells and has been proven to be effective in the treatment of many cancers.
- High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU) — Uses the energy of sound waves to target and superheat the tumor to kill cells (with the help of MRI scans). Learn more about HIFU.
- Advanced Cancer Therapeutics (ACT) — ACT is a term used to describe treatment for cancers that are advanced beyond their organ of origin or for high-risk cancers. Whether it’s a primary or secondary cancer, the Arizona Urology Specialists ACT Team strives to enhance longevity and quality of life.