Treating Testicular Cancer
Surgical Treatment – The Gold Standard
The surgical removal of the testicles (radical inguinal orchiectomy) is the primary method of treatment and is usually performed after finding a testicular mass suspicious for cancer to ensure the best outcome. This is an outpatient procedure. Following the removal of the testicle, you may elect to have a saline prosthesis, similar to a breast implant, implanted into the scrotum to look and feel like a real testicle.
Treatment Options for Advanced Testicular Cancer
If your doctor determines that your cancer is in the more advanced stages of the disease, surgery can be combined with additional treatment methods including:
- Chemotherapy – Drugs are given intravenously (IV), by mouth, or by injections into a muscle to destroy any cancer cells that remain after surgery. This is done under the direction of an oncologist, a specialist in cancer chemotherapy.
- Retroperitoneal Lymph Node Dissection – If the cancer has spread to your lymph nodes or the diagnosis of the tumor is high grade or unfavorable, your doctor may perform this procedure to remove the affected nodes.
- External Beam Radiation Therapy – Previously the most common treatment for patients diagnosed with seminoma cancer, this therapy is utilized much less frequently today. External Beam Radiation Therapy involves high energy X-rays that are precisely targeted at any cancerous cells that have spread to the lymph nodes.