Recurrent Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs) in Women
Urinary tract infection (UTI) is a general term for infection of the parts of the urinary tract. An infection of the urethra is called urethritis, an infection of the bladder is called cystitis and a kidney infection is called pyelonephritis.
UTIs are the second most common type of infection in the body. Women are especially prone to UTIs for anatomical reasons. Most UTIs are caused by bacteria that live in the bowel and, a women’s urethra is shorter, allowing bacteria quicker access to the bladder. UTIs in men are not as common as in women but can be serious when they occur.
Recurrent UTIs are defined as having more than two infections in six months or three infections in a year.
Urgency to urinate
Burning sensation when urinating
Red, pink, or cola-colored urine – a sign of blood in the urine
Pelvic pain in women
Rectal pain in men
Being sexually active
Using a diaphragm for birth control
Urinary tract abnormalities
Blockages in the urinary tract – Kidney stones or an enlarged prostate for example
A suppressed immune system – Diabetes for example
Using a catheter to empty the bladder
It has been suggested that women who are “non-secretors” of certain blood group antigens may be more prone to recurrent urinary tract infections because bacteria, in these women, may be allowed to attach more easily. Women who have had more than three UTIs in a year are likely to continue to have them.
Options for Recurrent UTI Treatment
Behavioral Modifications including increasing hydration to produce 2L UOP per 24hrs
Cranberry product supplementation
Estrogen therapy to genitalia
Low dose antibiotic taken daily for 6 months or longer
Single-dose of antibiotic after sexual intercourse
A short course of antibiotics when symptoms appear
Appointments & Information
*If this is an emergency, please call 911 immediately.
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